The essentials for Growing Cannabis
Interested in growing cannabis? Here are some essentials that are worth knowing, so that you can grow the most that you can.
The Plant cycle
The plant goes through various cycles that are a bit different from other plants. Cannabis has germination, which is within the first 24 hours, up to two weeks. You pretty much spray this with water on an aper towel so that it’s damp but not waterlogged, and put a seed there and then wait for the taproot to show up. When the taproot shows up, then you move onto the seedling stage. This involves the small pot that you’ll use containing soil, and you put the planted seed there.
It will create two leaves that will open in an outward manner when it gets sunlight. This is pretty much the mini stage of your cannabis plant. You want to make sure at this stage that it’s getting at least 18 hours of light every single day once the leaves have finally shown up, and a nitrogen-rich fertilizer as well for the proper nutrients too!
Then there is the vegetive sage, which can be up to 8 weeks long. This is pretty much the stage where your seedling is larger and more full, and you need to put this in a pot that’s larger. Usually the roots end up outgrowing this, and the cannabis grows a whole lot faster as they get more nutrients along with carbon dioxide.
You also can check out the sex of the plant as well, seeing whether it’s a female if it has two pistils and the males growing their pollen sacs. You should definitely remove this from the female plants if you have this. Another cool thing is you can see if it’s indica or sativa. Indica of course is a lot shorter and has a more bushy look, whereas the sativa is a lot taller and has a bigger structure to it, and usually their leaves are thinner too.
If you’re growing ruderalis, you don’t normally have to deal with this stage, and for feminized seeds, you don’t need to get rid of the males right now. Then you have the flowering stage, which is pretty much a sign of a mature cannabis plant, and it’ll be growing the flower sand buds, and you’ll see the trichomes.This usually has to be put into a bigger pot too and requires equal 12 and 12 hours of light and darkness, with sativa being 10 hours light, 14 hours darkness. You should make sure to hide the light from this so that they don’t become hermies.
When you’ve gone through this and noticed that the plant is mature enough, you’ll want to dry and chop this, but you will want to make sure that you do this at the proper time. On average, when 70-90% of the pistils are browned, that’s when you should harvest it. Some people also check this based on trichomes, which begin as white, then amber, and then brown, and the ideal is when half of the trichomes that are there are amber. Some say that if they do it too soon, it can be a problem, and sometimes, if you wait too long it does lose the potency, but some may also wait until they’ve seen that it’s not as psychoactive, and they’re able to use this. The best way to harvest this is the leaves directly from the bud, since the leaves have trichome’s you should try to save the trichomes to make edibles and tinctures as well.
The costs of Growing Indoors and how to help Make it Less
Growing cannabis inside is great because it does offer more control and a better environment, along with a more discreet means to offer a connection with the plant itself. The biggest deterrent is the cost though. There are some ways to help offset it, and here, we’ll go over how you can make sure that you do keep the costs as low as possible when you’re growing in a grow room.
The Average Costs
To have a good growing space, you need a good light, a system for exhaust, fans, and a growing tent. The costs do build up, but this does save you money as you go along. The biggest cost is grow lights. You’ve got fluorescent ones, which are cheap and used pretty much anywhere, but it does actually affect the yields that are there. Another one is high intensity discharge, and usually, it emits mostly heat or light, so you do need more fans and exhaust at that point. Finally you’ve got light emitting diodes, which are the most efficient, last a long time, don’t emit as much light, and tends to be the most expensive options.
You will however need to be spending about $200 for lights at most if you do decide to go with something that’ll definitely work, and you do want to invest in something that’s at least 800 watts. Then there is air circulation, which can be cheap. For example, a wall mount fan can be less than $40, but it can be a bit more expensive with both fans and exhaust, and you also might want to look at how much it can do, and the effectiveness of this. Finally, there is the grow tent, which can sometimes be a bit expensive, depending upon the space that you decide to grow in.
This can vary, and sometimes, you may need to either grow or change the space since the material might not be good. You also may want to, if you do decide to do expensive working, that you’ll want to put a professional on the ob.But along with that, you need to look at costs of pots, soil, fertilizers, and seeds, and you also will want to consider a thermometer, some trimming scissors, and other costs too. On average, this will cost about $500 or so dollars to set up, and it’s important to factor that in. These are of course ballpark figures for beginner cannabis growers, so it might be more for someone who wants to grow a bit more.
How to reduce expenses
There are a few ways for you to reduce this. First there is using solar panels. If you’re growing a lot, this is a good investment, and it does help to reduce energy costs too. Another thing to consider is using a combo of both artificial along with natural light, since grow lights cost a ton of energy in most cases. If you can get the natural light, put it out there, and see of course if you’ll be able to get this to work. Finally, you might want to consider a passive air intake, and this can help reduce the need for inline fans to replenish all of this. Leaving the pots or ducts open, along with a small fan, does keep the air circulating around. You do want to at least go for reusing the consumption of energy and try to use as much natural light and air whenever you can. This can help to reduce costs immensely over time as well.